Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh: Vì sao ai cũng ngại ?

Có rất nhiều bạn khi học ngoại ngữ thường rất ngại học ngữ pháp tiếng Anh. Có lẽ vì ngữ pháp là kho tàng vô tận với những quy tắc khô khan mà bạn tưởng rằng sẽ chẳng bao giờ ghi nhớ hết được. Bài viết này sẽ phân tích giúp bạn cách để cảm thấy yêu thích học ngữ pháp tiếng Anh.

Học ngữ pháp tiếng Anh không phải lúc nào cũng phải tuân theo quy tắc

Xét về mặt ngôn ngữ học, ngữ pháp được định nghĩa là hệ thống của một ngôn ngữ. Có đôi khi người ta mô tả ngữ pháp như là một “quy tắc” của ngôn ngữ nào đó (rules).

Điều này không hoàn toàn đúng, vì bản chất của ngôn ngữ là không có quy tắc.

Tại sao lại như vậy ? Vì bản thân từ “Quy tắc” là thứ phải do một ai đó đặt ra trước tiên, và sau đó phổ biến và sử dụng nó, giống như một trò chơi hay một cuộc thi.

Ngôn ngữ không như vậy. Ngôn ngữ bắt đầu bằng việc con người phát âm (phát ra âm thanh cho đồng loại), sau đó gắn kết âm thanh lại thành từ, cụm từ và câu.

Nói cách khác, ngôn ngữ được bắt đầu từ khi chưa có bất kỳ quy tắc gì cả. Nó không cố định và luôn biến đổi theo thời gian. Cái mà chúng ta gọi là ngữ pháp, thực chất chỉ là sự phản ánh của một ngôn ngữ trong một giai đoạn lịch sử cụ thể nào đó mà thôi.

Cách giúp bạn yêu thích ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

Hãy coi ngữ pháp là một người bạn đồng hành đắc lực, bạn sẽ cảm thấy việc học tiếng Anh trở nên dễ dàng hơn

Chúng ta có cần học ngữ pháp để giao tiếp được Tiếng Anh hay không?

Câu trả lời là không!

Rất nhiều người sang nước ngoài học tập, lao động có thể sử dụng Tiếng Anh trong một thời gian dài mà không cần biết đến ngữ pháp. Trẻ em cũng nói được (giao tiếp được) thậm chí là trước cả khi chúng biết đánh vần từ “ ngữ pháp”.

Nhưng mặt khác, nếu bạn thực sự muốn học ngôn ngữ một cách bài bản, thì tôi sẽ nói với bạn là “ ngữ pháp sẽ giúp bạn học Tiếng Anh nhanh và hiệu quả hơn rất nhiều”.

Điều quan trọng là chúng ta phải coi ngữ pháp như là một thứ hữu ích có thể giúp chúng ta, coi nó là một người bạn đồng hành đắc lực. Một khi bạn nắm bắt được ngữ pháp (hay hiểu được hệ thống của ngôn ngữ), bạn sẽ dễ dàng tự học được thêm rất nhiều điều mà không cần phải đến bất kỳ trung tâm Anh ngữ hay trường lớp nào cả.

Vì vậy, hãy suy nghĩ một cách tích cực về khái niệm ngữ pháp. Hãy coi nó như là một tấm bản đồ chỉ đường, một thứ mà bạn có thể sử dụng nó theo ý của chính mình.

Để học ngữ pháp có hiệu quả

Nhiều người cho rằng học ngữ pháp rất khô khan với toàn những quy luật khó nhớ và dễ quên. Xin mách bạn một số cách học ngữ pháp của tiếng Anh như sau:

Học các quy luật.

Ví dụ: Cách thành lập và cách sử dụng thì hiện tại hoàn thành (present perfect).

Thực hành ngay các cách áp dụng này vào tình huống thực tế.

Ví dụ: Tập viết một mẫu đối thoại ngắn, chỉ khoảng 4-5 câu, sử dụng thì hiện tại hoàn thành. Sau đó tìm thêm tình huống vui vui để thực hành cho tới khi nhuần nhuyễn.

Đừng quên ngữ pháp tiếng Anh có khá nhiều ngoại lệ. Khi gặp các ngoại lệ này, bạn cần ghi chú kỹ, đối chiếu với quy luật để có thể nhớ được.

Ví dụ: Quy luật không sử dụng mạo từ (article) “The” trước tên một quốc gia, nhưng phải nói The United States, the United Kingdom để chỉ Hoa Kỳ và Vương Quốc Anh.

Thực hành thường xuyên. Chỉ cần bỏ một thời gian ngắn là bạn có thể quên ngay các quy luật hoặc cách sử dụng đã học.

Ví dụ: Như thì quá khứ của các động từ bất quy tắc. Bạn có thể đưa ra chỉ tiêu cho mình là mỗi ngày đặt câu ngắn với 5 động từ bất quy tắc.

Chung quanh bạn còn có rất nhiều tình huống thực để áp dụng hữu hiệu các quy luật ngữ pháp tiếng Anh. Thế thì bạn còn chờ gì nữa?!

(Theo globaledu.vn)

 

TRUNG TÂM NGOẠI NGỮ E4LIFE

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